Today, I’d like to share a few tips for drawing clouds.
Clouds can be majestic and towering, thin and wispy. Peaceful. Threatening. Calm. Stormy.
They are almost always intimidating to draw, and drawing them accurately takes time and patience. But it is possible to draw any type of cloud realistically if you follow these basic principles.
Tips for Drawing Clouds in Colored Pencils
The following tips are universal to all clouds, no matter what tools you use, your favorite drawing method, or even your preferred artistic style. Master these four simple principles and you’ll find you can draw any cloud.
And almost anything else you want to draw.
Tip #1: Don’t Let the Scope of the Subject Intimidate You
Of all the tips for drawing clouds that I might offer, this is the most important, because it’s such a problem for so many.
You want to draw a cloud, but you look up in the sky or find a beautiful photo and are scared to death! Clouds are so big and awesome. There are so many details to get right, and all those colors. Especially in the morning or evening.
And for most of us that’s all the further the idea gets. We embrace the desire to draw clouds, but never follow through.
That’s a mistake! Clouds don’t have to be difficult to draw, and I discovered that lesson by trial and error.
Instead of focusing on all those details, focus on the overall shape and character of the cloud. Is it big and towering? Is it short and fat? Does it lean a little bit one direction or another?
Even slow moving clouds change constantly. By the time you do a quick sketch, the cloud you’re drawing will have changed, so let go of the idea that you have to get every detail right.
Adapt the same mindset when drawing from reference photos. The only way to get a 100% accurate drawing is by tracing it. There’s nothing wrong with tracing, but you still have to shade the drawing afterward.
So go for character. Forget all those intimidating details.
At least until you’ve drawn a few clouds.
Tip #2: Look at the Colors
Clouds are not always white. Let me rephrase that.
Clouds are hardly ever white. At least not just white.
In the middle of the day, with the sun on them, they can be full of shadow, half shadow, full light, and reflected light. Depending on where you live (it does make a difference) and what time of year it is, you could see grays, blues, yellows, and mixtures.
Before you start layering color, take a good look at the cloud you want to draw. Identify the main colors you see, then the secondary colors. You can add other colors as you draw, but having the main colors handy will help you draw more quickly if you’re drawing from life.
And even if you’re not drawing for life, it’s helpful if you don’t have to search through your pencil box every time you need to change colors. Some of us even prefer the “handful of pencils” method in which we keep our pencils firmly gripped in one hand!
Tip #3: Light Pressure, Sharp Pencils, Smooth Color
Smooth color is key to drawing realistic clouds. Even dark, stormy clouds require smooth layers of color and soft, sometimes subtle shading.
The best way to achieve that is by drawing several layers with light pressure and very sharp pencils.
If you’re still learning about pencil strokes, I suggest you make circular strokes your go-to stroke. The reason is that you can overlap layers without creating unwanted edges where strokes begin and end as might happen with back-and-forth strokes.
That’s not to say you can’t draw smooth color with other types of strokes, but it can be easier with circular strokes. If you’ve learned to make other strokes work for you, use them.
It’s important to keep your pencils sharp, too. Sharp pencils get into the nooks and crannies of paper tooth better than blunt pencils. The more you fill in the tooth of the paper, the smoother your color layers will be.
Tip #4: Don’t Quit Too Soon
The biggest mistake most artists (myself included) make with colored pencils is thinking a drawing is finished when there’s color all over the paper. That is so not true!
Most subjects benefit from vibrant color and clouds are certainly no different. Especially those colorful clouds that happen around sunrise or sunset. The best way to get vibrant color is with enough layers of color to fill in the tooth of the paper.
When you think a drawing is done, set it aside for a day or two, then evaluate it honestly. Start by asking the following questions:
What areas can I improve on?
Are the dark values dark enough?
Are the colors rich enough?
Does one area look more finished (or less finished) than the rest of the drawing?
Work on the drawing until you can honestly say it’s as good as you can make it. Even if all you end up doing is one more hour of work, you will be able to see the difference. Especially if you scan or photograph the drawing before and after you make those changes.
Which, by the way, I highly recommend.
These Tips for Drawing Clouds are Great, But is That All?
The reader who asked about drawing clouds actually asked specifically for help drawing the clouds of evening or morning. That sounded a lot like a tutorial to me and that was beyond the scope of a question-and-answer post.
So I’m planning a tutorial post with evening clouds as the subject. Probably a series of posts. So watch for that.
In the meantime, if you enjoyed these tips for drawing clouds and would like to read more, sign up for my free weekly newsletter. Click on the group labeled “Weekly Newsletter” in the “I’m Interested In” section of the sign up form to get the newsletter of new posts.