I’ve been drawing landscapes with colored pencils for almost as long as I’ve been using colored pencils. One of the most difficult things to get right in a landscape are the green colors. So today, I want to show you one way to draw realistic landscape greens.
There are several ways to draw landscapes with greens that don’t look washed out or garish. One of my favorite methods is to start with an umber under drawing. That’s because earth tones naturally tone down other colors.
But most artists prefer to go straight for the color. I confess. I often do that, too, because color is just so much fun!
So let’s take a look at how I use that method to draw landscapes.
Draw Realistic Landscape Greens Using Direct Color
When you draw with a direct color under drawing, you begin drawing with pretty much the same colors you finish with. You simply begin with lighter versions of the final colors, or start with lighter pressure.
You build color through a series of layers and either increase the pressure or mix in other colors. Sometimes both.
While it’s quite likely you’ll include earth tones and complementary colors to keep the greens looking natural, you won’t use them by themselves at any part of the drawing process.
In other words, the under drawing will look like a faded version of the final, full color drawing.
How does that look in practice? Here’s a step-by-step.
How to Use a Direct Color Under Drawing
As with any other method of drawing, the first step is creating the patterns of lights and darks in the composition. You also begin developing the most basic details at this stage.
The Base Layer
For this illustration, I glazed a medium green over all of the trees using open, diagonal strokes to establish the base color.
Next, I drew the form shadows (on the trees) and the cast shadows (between the trees) with the same color. But I increased pressure a little, and used slightly smaller strokes, which I placed closer together.
The results are the same as with the other methods, but the drawing is already showing the finished colors. Green.
The Middle Layers
Next, I layered a light dull-ish yellow over the trees, followed by a couple of layers of a yellowish-green. Those colors provided the warm yellow tint necessary to create the appearance of late afternoon sun slanting across the landscape.
I followed that with another layer or two of the original color into the shadows on each side of each tree. Then I glazed a light-value, yellowish earth tone over all of each of the trees.
After a few more layers alternating between those colors, I burnished with a very cool, light blue in the lightest areas. Then I added a little dark green or dark brown in the shadows, and then burnished with the colorless blender.
Once the basic values were in place, I continued layering all the colors over the trees. Layer by layer, I developed colors, values, and details.
I finished by layering medium green, dark blue, and dark brown into the shadows, alternating between the colors to create a range of values within the shadows.
Finishing the Trees
I finished work on these trees by burnishing in a couple of rounds.
For the first round, I used different colors for each area: Light, cool blue in the lightest areas and dark green in the darkest areas.
I used a colorless blender for the second round of burnishing, and I burnished all parts of each tree.
To burnish, I used heavy pressure, sharp to slightly blunted pencils with a variety of strokes to achieve the look I wanted for each tree.
This is what these trees look like finished.
You Can Draw Realistic Landscape Greens
It takes some thought and patience, but once you master the process, it makes perfect sense.
When you use the direct color method, all you’re doing is developing color along with values and details layer-by-layer.
It’s more difficult to determine where the under drawing ends and the final drawing begins when you use direct color, but it is no less effective than using an umber under drawing or a complementary under drawing.
One note to those who will ask. I didn’t name colors in this step-by-step because the specific colors don’t matter all that much. You can use any combination of yellow-greens, medium and dark greens, earth tones and blues to duplicate the results I showed you here.
You can see the finished drawing, Afternoon Graze, here.