This week, I want to share a few tips about how to make coloring pages look more realistic. The post is the result of a reader question, and an opportunity to guest post for artist, Sarah Renae Clark. I’ll tell you more about that article in a minute.
Here’s the reader question.
I would like to know how to make the subjects in the coloring books come to life using your pencils. I do ceramics so I know dry brushing an blending. But since I do not draw but use the coloring books, which i enjoy just wish i could make them look better.
I used the same coloring page for this post and for the guest post for Sarah Renae Clark. The page is called Cat Wisdom*, and you can purchase your own coloring page here*.
How to Make Coloring Pages Look More Realistic
While the bold outlines of coloring pages make it impossible to create truly life-like realism, you can make your coloring pages look more realistic with just a few “tricks.”
The most important of those tips is contrast. The more contrast in your drawing, the less flat it looks. The less flat a drawing looks, the more real it looks.
Step 1: Draw a Smooth Base Layer
Base layers are generally a color that’s similar to the final color, but lighter in value. Something you want to be dark green can begin with a base layer of light green.
The color you choose makes a difference in how something looks finished. Do a base layer of warm green (yellowish-green) on one leaf, and a base layer of cool green (blue-green) on the leaf next to it and you will end up with two slightly different colors if you do all other layers the same.
The base layer should cover every part of each shape.
It should also be smooth, with no visible pencil strokes. The best way to draw smooth color is by using a sharp pencil and light pressure with small, circular strokes.
NOTE: If you’ve been drawing long enough to have found the stroke that gives you the smoothest results, use that stroke. If you’re beginning, the best stroke to learn is the circular stroke.
Shade all the leaves with base color. Then all the flowers. You can do as I did and use different base colors for the flowers, or do them all the same.
I chose to make the background areas very dark. You can leave them white if you prefer.
If you can’t decide on colors for every part, that’s okay. You can leave some of them for later.
Step 2: Add Darker Values
Select colors that are one or two shades darker than the base colors. Layer those colors into the parts of each shape that you want to be darker. Use a sharp pencil and light pressure to draw small, overlapping strokes or short, directional strokes.
For example, I used circular strokes in the blue flowers because those flowers are so small and because I wanted smooth color.
In the longer petals of the purple flowers, I used long, directional strokes that curved slightly to follow the shape of each petal.
When you want smooth color, draw smooth color that shows no pencil strokes. In areas where you want a little texture, use strokes that best create that texture.
Step 3: Blend with Base Colors
Use well-sharpened pencils to blend each shape. Use medium pressure to smoothly blend together the previous layers of color.
Cover every part of each shape EXCEPT the highlights you want to show. Work around those highlights. Keep the edges of the highlights soft by fading color into the highlights.
If you left blank places in your drawing, you should already begin seeing a difference between the blank spaces and the areas you’re shading layer by layer.
Step 4: Continue to Darken Values
The next step is to continue darkening values in the deep shadows and the darker middle value areas. To do that, you can do one of two things.
You can choose a darker shade of the base colors.
That’s what I did with the green leaves. The base color was Chartreuse. Over that, I added a shade of green one or two shades darker. For this step, I layered Olive Green over each of the leaves. I used a sharp pencil and medium pressure for the first layer or two.
Then I increased pressure to heavy pressure to add the darkest shadows.
I did the same thing with the small, blue flowers.
You can choose a different color.
The purple flowers started with a pink base layer (Step 1.) For the second step, I used a medium blue, and for this step, I chose Violet.
Why the different colors?
To add depth of color and increase the value range, as well as to create a new shade of purple. I wanted these flowers to stand out a little more and combining colors was a good way to do that.
Step 5: Blending Layer
This next step also can go in one of two directions. You can either burnish with a colorless blender, or blend with another round of the base colors. How do you know which option to choose?
If you’re finished with your drawing, then burnishing with a colorless blender is the way to go. You won’t change the colors (other than darkening some of them.) The end result will be smooth color and good color saturation.
Blending with the base colors is the better option if you plan to add more detail layers afterward, or if you want to change the color of an area. You will be able to add more layers after blending with the base colors because you’ll be using medium pressure.
If you burnish, you’ll press down the tooth of the paper, and it will be very difficult to make additional color stick.
In my sample, I layered Pink over the pinkish-purple flowers, and Light Cerulean Blue over the blue flowers.
Step 6: Keep Layering and Blending Until the Drawing is Finished
I’m considering my coloring page finished at this stage, but you can continue to layer colors and blend as much as you want or until the paper will take no more color
Here’s the whole drawing.
You’ll notice I didn’t do every flower the same way. One reason for that is to keep the finished drawing from getting too busy. The dark spaces in the background, and the plain flowers give your eye a place to rest.
But another reason was to show you the difference you can make by layering and blending colors instead of using a single color. Even combining just two colors and a couple of blending layers really help you make coloring pages look more realistic.
About that Guest Post….
Sarah Renae Clark asked me to write a post showing her readers how to draw more realistic fur. Since I used the same drawing as the project for this post and Sarah’s, I thought you might like to read How to Draw Fur with Colored Pencils* as well.
*All links to Sarah’s website and store contain affiliate links.
Thanks, I enjoyed both demos. Each has such helpful information. It was nice to see two people I follow in one place.
Thank you, Nancy! It was a delight to do Sarah’s Cat Wisdom page. I had a lot more fun with it than I expected!
Wow, the coloring pages were so pretty. Coloring is such good therapy.
Thank you, Patricia!
You’re right about the therapy aspect of coloring pages, but I find that’s true with most artwork.