Do you know how to make a color lighter once you’ve gone too dark?
Any artist who works with colored pencil gets a color too dark sooner or later. Most of us have heard that it’s next to impossible to add lighter colors over dark colors and make an impact, so just how do you make a color lighter once it’s gone too dark? Is it even possible?
Yes, it is possible. Not always easy, but definitely possible.
Over the last few weeks, more than one reader has asked about ways to make colors lighter. Here’s a sample:
I have a drawing I’m doing for some friends of ours and I misunderstood what color she actually said she wanted their classic 37 Ford Club Coupe car to be and I think I’ve got it too dark. I’ve found it’s not hard to darken something but to lighten something is different. Especially after using a waxy pencil like the better Prismacolor ones. What would you use and/or do?
There are three basic approaches to making a color lighter:
Burnish with a lighter color
Restore paper tooth, then add a lighter color
Remove the dark color, then add the right color
Let’s take a look at each one of those options in detail.
How to Make a Color Lighter
Burnish with a Lighter Color
Burnishing is a method of applying color with very heavy pressure. When you burnish, you’re essentially “grinding the colors together” and pushing them down into the tooth of the paper.
This is the easiest way to lighten a color, but it may also keep you from using either of the other methods described in this post. Depending on the number of layers already on the paper, burnishing should work.
The tips that follow are based on your having a lot of layers on the paper, with the final few layers applied with medium-heavy pressure or heavier.
Different Ways to Burnish
If you want to lighten the color without changing it, burnish with a white pencil. The white will not cover the dark color, but it will tint the color. You could also use a lighter value of the same dark color if you need to lighten the color only slightly. For example, a light green over a dark green.
If you want to make the dark color lighter and a little warmer, burnish with Cream, Jasmine or a similar light color. The French Greys are ideal for this because they come in several different values.
You could also burnish the color with a shade that’s lighter and warmer than the original color. A light, yellow-green over a dark, cool green, for example.
If you want to make the dark color lighter and a little cooler, use a light color that’s cool, such as Powder Blue or one of the cool greys.
Or try a lighter, cooler shade of the same color.
And if you need to lighten the color and neutralize it (make it less vibrant,) burnish with a light shade of the original color’s complement or a near complement. I often layer an earth tone that’s light in value over landscape greens that are too dark and too vibrant.
Your Drawing Paper Makes a Difference
The success of these methods depends on the paper you’re using. If it’s very smooth—a Bristol for example—you may not be able to lighten the drawing very much by burnishing.
If it’s a medium tooth paper (like Stonehenge) or rougher, give these tips a try. Use the same type of strokes with these lighter colors that you used with the original colors.
Using a blunted pencil is a good idea, so you don’t damage the paper.
One More Suggestion
If at all possible, try the Luminance line of pencils by Caran d’Ache. These wax-based pencils are very high quality, and more opaque than almost any other wax-based colored pencil on the market. The lighter colors do actually cover dark colors better than most other pencils. If you tend to go too dark on a regular basis, it might be worth your time and money to invest in some of the lighter Luminance colors.
Restore Paper Tooth, Then Add a Lighter Color
You can also restore a little surface texture, then add color over it.
One way to do this is by spraying your drawing with retouch varnish or workable fixative.
I’ve used retouch varnish to restore the tooth to paper and have been able to draw over it, but it’s effectiveness is limited. At most, you can probably add three or four more layers of color. You can spray the drawing again, but each time you do, the result may become less satisfactory, so I don’t recommend it.
I’ve also tried workable fixative, but it’s even less helpful than retouch varnish.
For the best results, apply two to four very light coats to your drawing. Let each coat dry completely before applying the next one. Half an hour is probably sufficient. I prefer a full hour.
Make sure the final coat is absolutely dry before you start drawing over it.
One thing you don’t want to use is the final finish made for oil paintings. Not only may that flake off a waxy drawing, it may also discolor the paper and the drawing.
A Better Alternative
To truly restore the tooth of the paper, the best option is Brush & Pencil’s texture fixative. This spray-on product restores texture over colored pencil so you can continue to layer color as much as you wish. It works on any type of paper, and I’ve heard you can even use it on just a few layers of pencil.
This product is on my wish list, and is worth your time to investigate.
NOTE: Once you spray your drawing with any of these products, it will be very difficult—if not impossible—to change the color beneath the spray coating.
Remove the Dark Color, then Add the Right Color
I recently wrote about lifting color to fix a big mistake in a drawing-in-progress. The same process works with little mistakes.
Sometimes all you need to do is lift a little color. Use transparent tape, masking tape, or sticky stuff to lift small amounts of color or an eraser to remove larger amounts of color.
Use transparent tape, masking tape, or painter’s tape. Painter’s tape is your best choice because it’s designed to be less sticky.
Cut off a small amount of tape, press it lightly against the area you want to lighten, then carefully lift the tape. Depending on the paper you’re using, you might be able to lift enough color to work. I’ve used this method successfully a number of times.
Be careful not to press the tape too hard against the paper or you could tear the paper.
TIP: If the tape seems too sticky, press it against a piece of non-lint cloth first. Denim is great!
Sticky stuff also works great if you need to lighten your color just a little bit. Press it against your paper and lift it again to remove a small amount of color.
Press it against the paper, give it a twist, then lift it to remove more color.
Sticky stuff is ideal because you can mold it into different shapes. It’s also self cleaning. Knead it in your hands and it absorbs the color!
Any eraser designed for use with colored pencils will help you remove color. I prefer a click eraser, but have also used an electric eraser with good results.
Use medium pressure (normal handwriting pressure) and stroke along the shape you want to lighten. Two or three strokes should be sufficient. It’s better to remove color a little bit at a time, rather than pushing too hard and damaging the paper.
You won’t be able to remove all the color, but you should be able to remove enough to be noticeable.
TIP: It’s easier to make a color lighter if you haven’t used heavy pressure to put the color on the paper, but you should be able to remove some color with any of these methods no matter how hard you pressed while drawing.
Read “2 Neat Tricks for Erasing or “Lifting” Color from Colored Pencil Drawings” on EmptyEasel.com.
Bonus Tip #1
One way to make a color appear lighter is to darken the values around it. Admittedly, this method has limited use. It would be way too easy to end with an entire drawing that’s too dark.
But if the area that looks too dark is small, or is surrounded by light values, consider darkening some of those light values just a little bit.
This is an ideal method to test first on a photo editing program. Scan or photograph your drawing, then use Photoshop or something similar to darken the values around the place you think is too dark.
Bonus Tip #2
Sometimes, the best thing to do when you think you’ve made a mistake is to walk away. No, not forever. Take a break and do something else.
It may be that there isn’t really a problem with the drawing, other than that you’re just tired of it.
I know it sounds trite, but it does work. I can’t list all the times I thought I messed up a drawing—or even ruined it—only to discover the problem mysteriously disappeared over night. The rest, the time away from the drawing, and a new perspective was really all that was needed.
So my best tip when you think you’ve gotten something too dark? Set the drawing aside over night or over the weekend. Then, if you still think it needs to be fixed, give these methods a try.