Carrie L. Lewis, Artist & Teacher

Helping You Create Art You Can be Proud Of

The Most Important Thing to Get Right with Colored Pencils

Is color the most important thing to get right in your colored pencil drawings?

A lot of beginning artists believe color is the most important part of drawing. Or painting, for that matter. Just look at all those gorgeous Classical paintings or brightly colored contemporary art. The color is often enough to make your mouth water, isn’t it. It has to be important.

Color is important.

But it’s not the most important thing to get right.

The Most Important Thing to Get Right Is…

Values.

The range of lights and darks in your drawing will make or break it, no matter how accurate your colors. Especially if you draw in anything like a realistic style. Get the colors spot on, but do nothing with values, and your drawing is flat.

Get the values correct, however, and even if you don’t use any color at all, your drawing will look like what it’s supposed to look like.

The Most Important Thing to Get Right with Colored Pencils

Let me show you with a simple illustration.

One Color Without Value

Here’s a ball. Drawn all with one color. I’ve layered the green as evenly as possible over the paper. It’s a nice shade of green, and pretty. But is it a ball?

The Most Important Thing to Get Right - Illustration 01

No. It’s a circle, because every part of it is the same darkness of green. There are no shadows, and there are no highlights. In other words, it’s all the same value.

Maybe it’s just not dark enough. Let’s make it a little darker and see what happens.

The Most Important Thing to Get Right - Illustration 02

Hmmm.

It is darker. More of the paper holes are filled in and the green is richer, but…

…it’s still all the same value. It’s still a circle, not a ball.

Here it is as dark as I could make it. Now it has a nice dark value, doesn’t it? I’ve done as much with the color as I can.

The Most Important Thing to Get Right - Illustration 03

But it’s still all the same value. It’s just darker. And it’s still not a ball. Not even close.

One Color With Value

Okay, back to square (circle) one. Same color, same single value. Same result.

The Most Important Thing to Get Right - Illustration 01

This time, however, instead of darkening the whole thing, I’m going to darken just a part of it: The part that will be in shadow. A couple more layers and a little more pressure, and we’re getting somewhere! Finally!

The Most Important Thing to Get Right - Illustration 05

Let’s make that shadow a little darker. Even better.

The Most Important Thing to Get Right - Illustration 06

But it’s not quite there yet. I’ve gone as dark as I can with the color I’m using. What am I missing? Back to the drawing board.

One Color With Full Value

For this illustration, I lifted a little bit of color to create a highlight on the opposite side of the shape from the shadows. You can also work around highlights to get brighter highlight areas.

I used the same green as for the other circles, but also added a slightly darker green to darken the shadow a little bit more.

The Most Important Thing to Get Right - Illustration 07

Now, finally, we have something that looks like a ball! All it needs is a cast shadow and it’s good.

But can it be made to look even more like a ball?

Two Colors and Value

Now I’ve added a shade of blue that’s a little darker still to the shadows on the ball. It’s not a big difference, but it is a difference.

The Most Important Thing to Get Right - Illustration 08

Good Even Without Color

Now to show you that it really is the value, not the color, that turned this circle into a ball, here’s the illustration above converted to gray scale. No color, just shades of gray.

The Most Important Thing to Get Right - Illustration 09

So the Most Important Thing to Get Right Really is Value

Adding value to the color is what makes a circle (or any other shape) look three dimensional. The color is like the skin. The value is the body.

Value is, beyond all doubt, the most important thing to get right in any form of drawing or painting if you’re doing realism. That’s why I often recommend to artists new to colored pencil that they start with just a few high-quality colored pencils and learn to use them well.

Learn to draw value with just a few colors, and you’ll be able to draw anything with as many–or as few—colors as you wish.

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14 Comments

  1. Melinda BC

    I knew in my HEAD about the importance of value, but this illustration kind of brought the lesson into my gut! And, I think, into my hands!
    Thanks Carrie, as always!
    Melinda BC

  2. Cindy Batdorf

    Great illustration!

  3. I agree absolutely with you. Thanks for making it so easy to understand. I will pass it along to my students.

  4. Rosey

    Great lesson thank you!!

  5. Michelle

    Thank you very much for the advice

  6. Clelia H

    This we trick alot of people already know, i guess, but the way you have worded it & used step by step examples have simplified this, especially for me, big time! The term ‘value’ will always now be with me when i pick up my pens, pencils, markers or whatever! Best art tip ever!

    Thank – you Carrie ☺

  7. Anna Andrews

    Carrie,

    I just took my first pencil color class yesterday and happened to come across your article. Thank you for the insight. Illustrated very well. I am a visual person and you have got me off to a good start. Thank you!

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